An integrated resort is a resort with a wide variety of leisure and entertainment attractions – offering various dining options, high-end retail shopping, a range of hotel accommodation, shows and concerts, convention halls and facilities, cable car ride, spa and indoor & outdoor theme park attractions, last but not least, casinos, all housed in one resort property.
To date, casino licenses have been awarded to Marina Bay Sands and Resorts World Sentosa. These are the first casinos in Singapore and both have begun operation since early 2010. Resorts World Sentosa was the first of the two integrated resorts in Singapore to begin operating in January 2010 while Marina Bay Sand began its operations in April 2010.
Resorts World Sentosa
Resorts World Sentosa (RWS) is an integrated resort on the island of Sentosa, off the southern coast of Singapore. The key attractions include one of Singapore’s two casinos, a Universal Studios theme park, Adventure Cove Water Park, and S.E.A. Aquarium, which include the world’s largest oceanarium.
The S$6.59 billion (US$4.93 billion) resort was developed by Genting Singapore. It was the third most expensive building ever constructed. The resort occupies over 49 hectares (120 acres) of land and, when fully open, will employ more than 10,000 people directly. Resorts World Sentosa is a sister resort to Resorts World Genting, Pahang, Malaysia and Resorts World Manila, Philippines.
The soft launch of the first four hotels took place on 20 January 2010, with the Festive Walk shopping mall following on 1 February. The casino opened on 14 February 2010 on the first auspicious day of the Chinese New Year. The Maritime Experiential Museum opened on 15 October 2011 and the last attraction opened on 22 November 2012, The Marine Life Park.
The grand opening of the integrated resort was held on 7 December 2012, officiated by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong together with Genting Group Chairman Lim Kok Thay.
Marina Bay Sands
Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore. At its opening in 2010, it was billed as the world’s most expensive standalone casino property at S$8 billion, including the land cost.
The resort includes a 2,561-room hotel, a 120,000-square-metre (1,300,000 sq ft) convention-exhibition centre, the 74,000 m2 (800,000 sq ft) The Shoppes at Marina Bay Sands mall, a museum, two large theatres, “celebrity chef” restaurants, two floating Crystal Pavilions, a skating rink, and the world’s largest atrium casino with 500 tables and 1,600 slot machines.
The complex is topped by a 340-metre-long (1,120 ft) Sky Park with a capacity of 3,900 people and a 150 m (490 ft) infinity swimming pool, set on top of the world’s largest public cantilevered platform, which overhangs the north tower by 67 m (220 ft). The 20-hectare resort was designed by Moshe Safdie architects. The architect was Aedas and they were responsible for employing all consultants and for developing, co-ordinating and implementing the design. Engineering was provided by Arup and Parsons Brinkerhoff (MEP). The main contractor was Ssangyong Engineering and Construction.
Originally set to open in 2009, Las Vegas Sands faced delays caused by escalating costs of material and labour shortages from the outset. The global financial crisis also pressured the company to delay its projects elsewhere to complete the integrated resort. Although Marina Bay Sands has been compared in scale and development costs to MGM’s CityCenter, the latter is a mixed-use development.
The resort and Sky Park were officially opened on 23 and 24 June 2010 as part of a two-day celebration, following the casino’s opening on 27 April that year. The Art Science Museum opened to the public and the debut of a 13-minute light, laser and water show called Wonder Full on 19 February 2011 marked the full completion of the integrated resort.
The grand opening of Marina Bay Sands was held on 17 February 2011. It also marked the opening of the seven celebrity chef restaurants. The last portion of the Marina Bay Sands, the floating pavilions, were finally opened to the public.